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Chemical transformation of sodium species during direct liquefaction of a sodium-rich Zhundong coal under different atmospheres and CO_2 gasification of the direct coal liquefaction residue


HighlightsH2has promotive effects on cracking of carboxylates in DCL.Transformation of sodium species in DCL is closely related to the atmosphere.Sodium-containing silicates can be formed in DCLR at high temperatures.WS-Na in DCLR has catalytic influences on CO2gasification reactivity of DCLR.AbstractThe attractive Zhundong coalfields located in the Northwestern PR China are featured by many high qualities, such as low contents of mineral matters and total sulfur. However, a significant amount of sodium species are also embedded in the Zhundong coals (ZDC), which has been a barrier for efficient utilization of them. In this work, to better understand the detailed behaviors of sodium species and the transformation mechanisms during direct coal liquefaction (DCL), chemical transformation of sodium species in a ZDC under different liquefaction atmospheres was investigated. As gasification of the direct coal liquefaction residue (DCLR) is commonly used to produce syngas that compensates for the cost of DCL, CO2gasification reactivity of sodium-rich DCLR was examined as well. The results show that both H2and hydrogen-donor solvents are essential for direct liquefaction of ZDC. Under H2atmosphere, retention ratios of sodium species in DCLR were all slightly lower than those under N2atmosphere. In the meantime, more CO2were produced under H2atmosphere. As for transformation of sodium species during DCL, it is suggested to be closely related with the atmosphere, since more exchangeable sodium species were converted under H2atmosphere. Additionally, sodium nitrate was found as one of the water-soluble sodium species in ZDC and sodium-containing silicates could be formed at high temperatures. More importantly, the water-soluble sodium species in DCLR are proved to have catalytic effects on CO2gasification reactivity of DCLR. Through careful calculations, a quantitative linear equation has been established between the water-soluble sodium species content and the reactivity index, which can be used to finely predict gasification reactivity of DCLR derived from ZDC.......

【作者名称】: Xiao Li, Zong-Qing Bai, Wen Li
【作者单位】: Key Laboratory of Coal Processing and Efficient Utilization, Ministry of Education, China University of Mining and Technology, State Key Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences
【关 键 词】: Zhundong coal, Sodium species, Direct coal liquefaction, CO2gasification, Chemical transformation
【期刊名称】: Fuel
【期刊论文数据库】: [DBS_Articles_01]
【期刊论文编号】: 108,463,911
【摘要长度】: 3,486
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