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?tWorld energy use to rise 56 with gas as fastest-growing fossil fuel


World energy consumption is projected to increase by 56% through 2040, driven by growth in the developing world, according to ' International EnergynOutlook 2013,' released July 25 by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.n'Rising prosperity in China and India is a major factor in the outlook for global energy demand. These two countries combined account for half the world'sntotal increase in energy use through 2040,' EIA Administrator Adam Sieminski said in a press release. 'This will have a profound effect on thendevelopment of world energy markets.'nClean-fuel technology also is playing an important role in the outlook, with renewable energy and nuclear power expected to grow faster than fossil fuelsnover the forecast period, he noted.nWorld energy consumption is expected to increase from 524 quadrillion British thermal units in 2010 to 820 quadrillion Btu in 2040, with growth in all fuelnsources through 2040. Fossil fuels are expected to continue supplying much of the energy used worldwide, with natural gas seen as the fastest-growingnfossil fuel. Global natural gas consumption is projected to grow by 1.7% per year. Increasing supplies of tight gas, shale gas and coalbed methane supportngrowth in projected worldwide gas use, the agency said.nAlthough petroleum and other liquids remain the largest source of energy, the liquid fuels share of world marketed energy consumption is expected to fallnfrom 34% in 2010 to 28% in 2040. Renewable energy and nuclear power are the world's fastest-growing energy sources, each increasing by 2.5% pernyear; however, fossil fuels will continue to supply almost 80% of world energy use through 2040.nIn the EIA's reference case, world natural gas consumption increases by 64% in the next 30 years, from 113 trillion cubic feet in 2010 to 185 Tcf in 2040.nAlthough the global recession resulted in an estimated decline of 3.6 Tcf in gas use in 2009, robust demand returned in 2010 with an increase of 7.7 Tcf, orn4% higher than demand in 2008, before the downturn.nThe agency said natural gas remains the fuel of choice for the electric power and industrial sectors in many of the world's regions, in part because of itsnlower carbon intensity compared with coal and oil, which makes it an attractive fuel source in countries where governments are implementing policies tonreduce greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, it is an attractive alternative fuel for new power generation plants because of relatively low capital costs andnthe favorable heat rates for natural gas generation. The industrial and electric power sectors together account for 77% of the total projected world increasenin natural gas consumption.nAn outlook for strong growth in reserves and production contributes to the strong competitive position of gas among other energy sources, the EIA said.nSignificant changes in natural gas supplies and global markets continue. The largest production increases from 2010 to 2040 in the reference case occur innnon-OECD Europe and Eurasia (18.9 Tcf), the OECD Americas (15.9 Tcf) and the Middle East (15.6 Tcf). The United States and Russia each is expected tonincrease natural gas production by about 12 Tcf, together accounting for nearly one-third of the total increase in world gas production. Russia's productionngrowth is supported mainly by increasing exploitation of the country's resources in the Arctic and eastern parts of the country. U.S. production growthncomes mainly from shale resources.......

【作者名称】: Peter Marrin
【关 键 词】: ?tWorld energy use to rise 56 with gas as fastest-growing fossil fuel
【期刊名称】: SNL Coal Report
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