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Determining aromatic and aliphatic carboxylic acids in biomass-derived oil samples using 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine and liquid chromatography- electrospray injection-mass spectrometry mass spectrometry


AbstractConverting biomass to a useful fuel commonly incorporates the pyrolysis of the biomass feed stock. The base liquid fraction usually contains high concentrations of ketones, aldehydes and carboxylic acids, of which each can cause detrimental issues related to the storage and upgrading process. Knowing the carbonyl species and the concentration of each will provide value information to the pyrolysis researchers, specifically as that community branches into more targeted end-products such as jet fuel or biogenic-derived oxygenate-containing fuel products. The analysis of aldehydes, ketones and small alkyl carboxylic acids using 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) derivation method has been well documented and the method is commonly used the analytical community. By using liquid chromatograph coupled to tandem mass spectrometry, biomass sample analysis can be complete with identification of most carbonyl species. The issue of identifying isobaric ketone and aldehyde compounds can be resolved by utilizing differences in retention time or characteristic fragment ions of ketones and aldehydes. One issue which could not resolved using published methods was identifying aromatic or large non-aromatic carboxylic acids from their corresponding hydroxyl aldehyde or ketone analogs. By modifying the current method for determining carbonyls in biomass samples, carboxylic and hydroxyl-carbonyl can be determined. A careful adjustment of the pH during the extraction procedure and extended heating time of the DNPH solution allowed for the successful derivation of aromatic carboxylic acids. Like other dinitrophenylhydrazones, carboxylic acid derivatives also produce a unique secondary ion pattern, which was useful to distinguish these species from the non-acid analogs.HighlightsVerified derivatization of organic acids in bio-oil with a modified detection is achieved.Fragmentation of aliphatic versus aromatic acids allows energy-rich product identification.Discerning acids from their hydroxyaldehyde analogs increases value of bio-oil analysis.Accurate organic acid speciation from bio-oils helps explain corrosion.Developed a method to resolve isobaric interference that obscures upgrading progress.......

【作者名称】: Samuel A. Lewis, Raynella M. Connatser, Mariefel V. Olarte, James R. Keiser
【作者单位】: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
【关 键 词】: Biomass, Pyrolysis oil, Derivatization of carboxylic acids, 2, 4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH), Carbonyl speciation
【期刊名称】: Biomass & bioenergy
【期刊论文数据库】: [DBS_Articles_01]
【期刊论文编号】: 108,463,920
【摘要长度】: 3,481
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