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TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT OF MODULAR INTEGRATED UTILITY SYSTEMS


This technology assessment is one of a series of publications developed in the Modular Integrated Utility System (MIUS) program under the direction of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. The technology under assessment is MIUS, which would use an onsite combined-package plant, smaller than-conventional plants, to provide communities of limited size with electricity, heating and air conditioning, water and waste treatment, and waste disposal. The MIUS is modular in that it can be located near appropriate users in phase with the actual demands of community development or redevelopment. It employs an integrated systems approach, whereby some resource requirements of one service are met by using the effluent of another. For example, heat rejected from electrical generation might be used for residential space heating and cooling, and the effluent from liquid-waste treatment might be used for cooling-tower makeup water or for irrigation.nTechnology assessment is a systematic study that places the technology within the total social framework, identifies impacts in all sectors, and establishes cause-effect relationships to aid decision makers in balancing the good and bad impacts. Contrary to the implication of its title, the assessment does not focus on technology but rather on the consequences of its application. Simply stated, the objective was to identify and evaluate the consequences of the widespread utilization of MIUS to the year 2000. MIUS is proposed for use in place of con¬ventional utility systems to serve a limited number of new residential and commercial develop¬ments. Thus, the approach was to conduct a comparative analysis of MIUS vs alternative con¬ventional utility system impacts.nThis assessment is published in two volumes in order to best serve a wide range of interests. Section 1 (ORNL/HUD/MIUS-24) is a separately bound summary report that focuses on expected impacts by category. This volume contains the detailed data and analyses in several sections (2 through 6), which generally correspond to the procedural method employed. Section 2 introduces the MIUS program and concepts and the objectives, scope, and approach of this assessment. Section 3 describes the types of MIUS and conventional subsystems (considered most likely to exist in the years 1975 to 2000) and documents their projected costs, physical features, operating charac¬teristics, and systems analyses used to determine the primary (direct) effects of MIUS operation. Since this report is devoted to a comparative study of proposed MIUS vs conventional systems, all characteristics required to define MIUS were also determined for conventional systems. Further¬more, each of the two types of utility systems encompasses several extensive fields of technology — electrical/thermal energy generation and distribution;solid/liquid waste collection, treatment, and disposal;and potable and fire-protection water supply.nIn Sect. 4, the societal characteristics that may accelerate, dampen, or otherwise affect (or be affected by) the development and application of MIUS technology are identified and dis¬cussed. Major topics include national goals and policies, market analysis, demands and avail¬ability of fuel and other resources, institutional and legal factors, characteristics of home builders and developments, and psychological and social factors.nSection 5 is primarily for identification of the possible impacts of MIUS use on all sectors and interest groups of society. The identification of impacts was based on the technical and physical characteristics of MIUS (from Sect. 3) and the conditions of society with which MIUS interacts (from Sect. 4). As a first step, the relevant characteristics of each MIUS subsystem were listed, operational aspects were defined, and possible effects were defined and subjected to a preliminary evaluation.......

【作者名称】: W. R. Mixon, S. B. Ahmed, W. J. Boegly
【作者单位】: OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY, OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY, OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY
【关 键 词】: TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT OF MODULAR INTEGRATED UTILITY SYSTEMS
【期刊论文数据库】: [DBS_Articles_01]
【期刊论文编号】: 104,848,747
【摘要长度】: 3,883
【上篇论文】: 美国政府科技报告 - Database of prompt gamma rays from slow neutron capture forelemental analysis
【下篇论文】: 美国政府科技报告 - Monitored Geologic Repository Operations Monitoring and Control System Description Document

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