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INTEGRATING LIVESTOCK-CROP SYSTEMS FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE; EXPERIENCES FROM WOMEN GROUPS OF GUJARAT, INDIA


It was end of 1990 when I joined AKRSP (I) Agakhan rural support programme (India), Gujarat as Programme Executive with a mandate to give a strong gender focus to its programmes. AKRSP (I) is one of the pioneer organizations in India, established in 1983, aimed at developing human potential to manage and maintain natural resources through conservation of soil and water resources, agriculture, forestry, biogas, savings and credit, and input supply and marketing, all these interventions through organised men groups called Gramin Vikas Mandals or GVMs. There was neither an effort nor an understanding about the intrinsic relationships of women with water, land and forests. The 150 staff members with about 98% men staff spread over three spear-head teams in AKRSP (I)'s project areas of Junagadh, Bharuch and Surendernagar districts of Gujarat, India, to begin-with, carried out extensive gender sensitive participatory rural appraisals with inputs from myself and other senior executives. Even though, they clearly learnt that the women had specific roles and responsibilities in maintaining environment, the needs and priorities of women were different from that of men's and there was skewed access and control over resources and benefits by men and women, yet they could not think beyond traditional household based 'cottage industries'. They often would ask me if they were expected to initiate pickle, jam, masala (spices) and papad (bread) making and/or garment making enterprises, a trend that was visible across the country under the purview of women in development approach. These ideas were not invalid and not refuted by the organisation in any way, nevertheless, there was a strong need for the organisation to better understand and strengthen women's positions in planning, designing, implementing and management of natural resources. Micro-planning exercises, Gender sensitivity trainings, exposures, extensive discussions, hammering, arguments, gender sensitive policies paved the ways for a process of shift from an integrationist approach to transformative resulted from formation of separate women groups, thrift and credit activities in groups, women as change agents of so called technical subjects like watershed, water resources etc, women joining the committees with men, women taking up entrepreneurial activities related to natural resources in the form of nursery raising, plantation, biogas, animal husbandry, horticulture etc.......

【作者名称】: Meena Bilgi
【作者单位】: (Social/Gender Development), Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
【关 键 词】: INTEGRATING LIVESTOCK-CROP SYSTEMS FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE, EXPERIENCES FROM WOMEN GROUPS OF GUJARAT, INDIA
【会议名称】: International Conference on Livestock Services Proceedings
【期刊论文数据库】: [DBS_Articles_01]
【期刊论文编号】: 101,065,239
【摘要长度】: 2,460
【会议地点】: Beijing(CN)
【会议组织】: (Social/Gender Development), Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
【会议时间】: 2006
【上篇论文】: 外文会议 - Drought Proofing and Rain Water Harvesting in a Micro Region: Issues of Access, Efficient Use and Multi-Level Planning
【下篇论文】: 外文会议 - INTEGRATING LIVESTOCK-CROP SYSTEMS FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE; EXPERIENCES FROM WOMEN GROUPS OF GUJARAT, INDIA

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