核心期刊网首页> 外文会议> 农林牧渔

Drought Proofing and Rain Water Harvesting in a Micro Region: Issues of Access, Efficient Use and Multi-Level Planning


Frequent occurrence of droughts in large tracts of dryland regions in India has a significant bearing on poverty and people's livelihood strategies. Over the last 50 years, droughts have occurred almost once in three years. While there has not been any significant changes in rainfall pattern in the country since more than a century, there seems to be an increase in the severity of the impact of droughts on people's livelihood. Apart from the demographic factors, increased severity of the impact of drought can be attributed to the two interrelated factors viz; inequal distribution and inefficient use of water. As a result, droughts not only lead to transient poverty among a large number of rural households—both landed as well as landless—but, in the long run, may also result in perpetual decline in ground water resources. This might happen because the drought relief operations are undertaken as fire fighting measures and with little concern for the irreversible impact on aquifers. The outcome is increased dependence on transported water. Alternatively, a large number of initiatives have been undertaken in some of the dryland regions in India to construct small water harvesting structures like check dams, farm ponds, nala bunds etc. These initiatives have received a special policy thrust under the modified watershed projects, which since the mid- nineties, have assumed primary responsibility of drought proofing in the large tracts of dryland regions in India. The consecutive droughts in most of these regions during the last two years have provided further phillip to the concept of in-situ harvesting of rain water. Hence a large number of water harvesting structures have been built with financial support from the state especially, under relief works programme. It is expected that these structures will reduce, if not completely solve, the problem of water scarcity initially during the normal years and eventually during the drought years. This, essentially, signifies locally managed self sufficient system of water resource management and drought proofing in these regions. This paper looks into some of the recent experiences from water harvesting measures and discusses their implications for sustainable management of water as well as for effective drought proofing in a major dryland region in Western India. The analysis is based on secondary data pertaining to various programmes for soil water conservation in the state.......

【作者名称】: Amita Shah
【作者单位】: Gujarat Institute of Development Research, Ahmedabad (India)
【关 键 词】: Drought Proofing and Rain Water Harvesting in a Micro Region: Issues of Access, Efficient Use and Multi-Level Planning
【会议名称】: International Soil Conservation Organization Conference vol.3; 20020526-31; Beijing(CN)
【期刊论文数据库】: [DBS_Articles_01]
【期刊论文编号】: 101,065,240
【摘要长度】: 2,457
【会议地点】: Beijing(CN)
【会议组织】: Gujarat Institute of Development Research, Ahmedabad (India)
【会议时间】: 2002
【上篇论文】: 外文会议 - Effect of High- yield Varieties on Rice Production Growth : An Mathematical and Econometrics Analysis
【下篇论文】: 外文会议 - INTEGRATING LIVESTOCK-CROP SYSTEMS FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE; EXPERIENCES FROM WOMEN GROUPS OF GUJARAT, INDIA

【论文下载】: 免费获取 该期刊&论文全文内容