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Airborne laser induced fluorescence as a means for the effective management of oil spills, and for the enforcement of oil discharge regulations


The effective management of oil spills and the enforcement of oil discharge regulations are issues which have been a problem to Coastal States in the past and they will continue to be challenges around the world well into the foreseeable future. Records show that the current instances of major oil spills from tanker accidents are fairly rare, with an annual spillage of some 162 000 tonnes, and the risks associated with these spills are considered to be acceptable. On the other hand, the flouting of oil discharge regulations by sea transportation continues on a regular basis. The total annual tonnage from this ongoing contamination of the sea is estimated to equal some 687 000 tonnes per year, which is almost ten times the tonnage of oil spilled by the Sea Empress when she was grounded off the U.K. coast in February 1996. This paper provides an overview of the oil contamination problem and it addresses issues relating to criteria for the effective management of oil spills, as well as the enforcement of oil discharge regulations, by means of active remote sensing systems based on laser induced fluorescence. The technology for the above systems is not new, but it is apparent that the application of laser fluorosensors in practice, generally falls quite a long way behind the ongoing research and development in the field, especially in developing countries.......

【作者名称】: K. R. MacHutchon
【作者单位】: Liebenberg & Stander International, South Africa
【关 键 词】: Airborne laser induced fluorescence as a means for the effective management of oil spills, and for the enforcement of oil discharge regulations
【会议名称】: Sixth International Conference on Computer Modelling and Experimental Measurements of Seas and Coastal Regions 2003 Cadiz
【期刊论文数据库】: [DBS_Articles_01]
【期刊论文编号】: 100,926,439
【摘要长度】: 1,374
【会议地点】: Cadiz(ES);Cadiz(ES)
【会议组织】: Liebenberg & Stander International, South Africa
【会议时间】: 2003
【上篇论文】: 外文会议 - Autonomous takeoff & landing of small UAS from the USV
【下篇论文】: 外文会议 - Multimodal Signature File Formats and Performance in Computational Environments

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