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THE USE OF CONSERVATION OF MASS IN MODELING LATERAL BEHAVIOR IN MOVING WEBS


Though conservation of mass has played a prominent role in modeling longitudinal tension, it has seen limited use in modeling problems where lateral behavior is important. This may be due to the fact that most lateral modeling has been done with methods borrowed from structural analysis. These have advantages. They are well-tested and provide closed-form solutions. However, they tend to be specific to particular structural problems and do not provide a conceptual framework in which conservation of mass can be incorporated. For example, when using beam theory to analyze deflection due to a misaligned roller, it isn't obvious that conservation of mass has anything to do with the problem. But, in fact, when viewed from the standpoint of two-dimensional elasticity theory, it can be shown that it is responsible for a key boundary condition of the beam theory model - the famous (to web handling specialists) zero moment condition.Elasticity theory is the obvious candidate for two-dimensional and three-dimensional modeling. Unfortunately, it is viewed by many as a last choice because it requires the use of partial differential equations that can only be solved numerically. This is not the problem it once was. FEA software is now so fast and versatile that it can be used interactively. With turn-around times of only minutes, it can even be used as a tool for learning elasticity theory.A method for using elasticity theory is described in a 2005 IWEB paper, 'A New Method for Analyzing the Deformation and Lateral Translation of a Moving Web' . It shows how to set up and solve a wide range of lateral behavior problems. A key boundary condition for the method, called the normal strain rule, relies on conservation of mass. A mathematical statement of this rule is,where the subscripts 1 and 2 refer to the upstream and downstream rollers, respectively, and V and £ refer to the velocities and strains at the point of entry to the rollers. This relationship is applied as a boundary condition to each increment of web width and can, therefore, model lateral non-uniformities in both the web and roller.rnThis paper will show that the normal strain rule is a special case of a more comprehensive concept that provides a framework for solving a broader scope of problems than contemplated in 2005, especially those in which the relaxed web is not flat. It will also introduce a computationally efficient method for implementing this concept by treating all webs, flat or otherwise, as membranes in a two-dimensional frame of reference.To be of practical use to investigators, the concepts discussed here and in the 2005 paper require the use of numerical analysis software to solve the partial differential equations. Adaptation of the mathematics to the requirements of a solver is not a trivial task. Therefore, in the hope of facilitating work by others in this area, I will make available the solver script for a misaligned roller to anyone who requests it.......

【作者名称】: J. Brown
【作者单位】: Essex Systems USA
【关 键 词】: THE USE OF CONSERVATION OF MASS IN MODELING LATERAL BEHAVIOR IN MOVING WEBS
【会议名称】: Proceedings of the Eleventh international conference on web handling
【期刊论文数据库】: [DBS_Articles_01]
【期刊论文编号】: 101,777,661
【摘要长度】: 2,974
【会议地点】: Stillwater, OK(US)
【会议组织】: Essex Systems USA;
【会议时间】: 2011
【上篇论文】: 外文会议 - SHAPE DISTORTION SIMULATIONS OFCARBON EPOXY COMPOSITES USING A SIMPLIFIEDMECHANICAL CONSTITUTIVE MODEL
【下篇论文】: 外文会议 - CROSS-FLOW FILTRATION PERFORMANCE DURING THE WASHING OF A SIMULATED RADIOACTIVE WASTE STREAM

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